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MongoDB Tutorial

MongoDB Aggregation Set Operator - $setUnion

MongoDB: $setUnion

The MongoDB $setUnion operators take any number of argument expressions or arrays and return an array containing the elements that appear in any input array.

Syntax:

{ $setUnion: [ <expression1>, <expression2>, ... ] }
  • The $setUnion operator can only performs set operation on arrays and treated as sets. If any duplicate value contains in an array, it ignores by $setUnion operator. The order of the elements in not important in this operation..
  • Only the unique value in an array appears as a result after filtering the duplicates values in the $setUnion operation.
  • When a set contains a nested array element, the $setUnion does not descend into the nested array but evaluates the array at top-level.

Sample collection test_collection

{ "_id" : 1, "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ "cat", "rat" ] }
{ "_id" : 2, "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ ] }
{ "_id" : 3, "A" : [ ], "B" : [ "cat" ] }
{ "_id" : 4, "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ "rat", "cat", "rat" ] }
{ "_id" : 5, "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ "cat", "rat", "dog" ] }
{ "_id" : 6, "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ [ "cat", "rat" ] ] }
{ "_id" : 7, "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ [ "cat" ], [ "rat" ] ] }
{ "_id" : 8, "A" : [ ], "B" : [ ] }
{ "_id" : 9, "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ "dog", "cat" ] }
}

Example: $setUnion

The following aggregation operation uses the $setUnion operator compares the array A and B returns an array set that contain the common elements as well as the rest elements found in both the arrays.

> db.test_collection.aggregate(
...    [
...      { $project: { A:1, B: 1, allValues: { $setUnion: [ "$A", "$B" ] }, _id: 0 } }
...    ]
... );

After the operation, following result will be returned by the $setUnion operator.

> db.test_collection.aggregate(
...    [
...      { $project: { A:1, B: 1, allValues: { $setUnion: [ "$A", "$B" ] }, _id: 0 } }
...    ]
... );
{ "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "allValues" : [ "cat", "rat" ] }
{ "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ ], "allValues" : [ "cat", "rat" ] }
{ "A" : [ ], "B" : [ "cat" ], "allValues" : [ "cat" ] }
{ "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ "rat", "cat", "rat" ], "allValues" : [ "cat", "rat" ] }
{ "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ "cat", "rat", "dog" ], "allValues" : [ "cat", "rat", "dog" ] }
{ "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ [ "cat", "rat" ] ], "allValues" : [ "cat", [ "cat", "rat" ], "rat" ] }
{ "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ [ "cat" ], [ "rat" ] ], "allValues" : [ "cat", "rat", [ "cat" ], [ "rat" ] ] }
{ "A" : [ ], "B" : [ ], "allValues" : [ ] }
{ "A" : [ "cat", "rat" ], "B" : [ "dog", "cat" ], "allValues" : [ "cat", "rat", "dog" ] }


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