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PHP Exercises: Create a new string from a specified string

PHP Basic Algorithm: Exercise-83 with Solution

Write a PHP program to create a new string from a given string. If the two characters of the given string from its beginning and end are same return the given string without the first two characters otherwise return the original string.

Sample Solution:

PHP Code :

<?php
function test($s1)
 { 
      if (strlen($s1) > 1 && substr($s1, 0, 2) == substr($s1, strlen($s1) - 2))
          {
              return substr($s1, 2);
           }
      else
          {
              return $s1;
          }
 }

echo test("abcab") . "\n";
echo test("Python") . "\n";

Sample Output:

cab
Python

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Create a new string from a specified string.

PHP Code Editor:

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Previous: Write a PHP program to create a new string using 3 copies of the first 2 characters of a given string. If the length of the given string is less than 2 use the whole string.
Next: Write a PHP program to create a new string from a given string without the first and last character if the first or last characters are 'a' otherwise return the original given string.

What is the difficulty level of this exercise?



PHP: Tips of the Day

$GLOBALS: An associative array containing references to all variables which are currently defined in the global scope of the script. The variable names are the keys of the array

Example:

<?php
$myGlobal = "global"; // declare variable outside of scope
function test()
{
$myLocal = "local"; // declare variable inside of scope
 // both variables are printed
 var_dump($myLocal);
 var_dump($GLOBALS["myGlobal"]);
}
test(); // run function
// only $myGlobal is printed since $myLocal is not globally scoped
 
var_dump($myLocal);
var_dump($myGlobal); 
?>

Output:

string(5) "local"
string(6) "global"
NULL
string(6) "global"

In the above example $myLocal is not displayed the second time because it is declared inside the test() function and then destroyed after the function is closed.

Becoming global

To remedy this there are two options.

Option one: global keyword

function test()
{
 global $myLocal;
 $myLocal = "local";
 var_dump($myLocal);
 var_dump($GLOBALS["myGlobal"]);
}

The global keyword is a prefix on a variable that forces it to be part of the global scope.

Note that you cannot assign a value to a variable in the same statement as the global keyword. Hence, why I had to assign a value underneath. (It is possible if you remove new lines and spaces but I don't think it is neat. global $myLocal; $myLocal = "local").

Option two: $GLOBALS array

function test()
{
 $GLOBALS["myLocal"] = "local";
 $myLocal = $GLOBALS["myLocal"];
 var_dump($myLocal);
 var_dump($GLOBALS["myGlobal"]);
}

In this example I reassigned $myLocal the value of $GLOBAL["myLocal"] since I find it easier writing a variable name rather than the associative array.