# PHP Data Types: Integers and Floating point numbers

## PHP Integers

An integer must have at least one digit (0-9). No comma or blanks are allowed within an integer.

It must not have a decimal point.

It could be either positive or negative if no sign precedes it is assumed to be positive.

Integers can be specified in three formats, decimal (10-based), hexadecimal (16-based) (prefixed with 0x) or octal (8-based) (prefixed with 0) notation, optionally preceded by a - or + sign.

**Example :**

```
<?php
$x = 4356; //decimal number
echo $x.' is : ';
var_dump($x);
$x = -39; //a negative number
echo '<br />'.$x.' is : ';
var_dump($x);
$x = 057; //octal number (equivalent to 47 decimal)
echo '<br />'.$x.' is : ';
var_dump($x);
$x = 0x4B; //hexadecimal number (equivalent to 75
//decimal)
echo '<br />'.$x.' is : ';
var_dump($x);
?>
```

Output:

4356 is : int(4356) -39 is : int(-39) 47 is : int(47) 75 is : int(75)

**Note: ** var_dump() function is used to get structured information (type and value) about variables.

**PHP integers: Range**

The size and range of an integer are platform depended. For a 32 bit computer maximum number the largest integer is 2^{31}-1 or 2,147,483,647 and the smallest integer is -(2^{31}-1) or -2,147,483,647. if we specify a number beyond the range of the integer type, it will be interpreted as a float. Integer size can be determined from PHP_INT_SIZE, maximum value from PHP_INT_MAX. If you specify a number beyond the bounds of the integer type, it will be interpreted as a float instead.

**Floating point numbers**

**Description**

Floating point numbers could be written in two forms, fractional and exponential form.

**Fractional form :**

The number must have at least one digit (0-9). No comma or blanks are allowed within an integer. It must have a decimal point. It could be either positive or negative, default sign is positive.

**Exponential form :**

The exponent part is an "e" or "E" followed by an integer, which can be signed (preceded by "+" or "-").

**Version**

(PHP 4 and above)

**Example:**

```
<?php
$a = 5.205;
$b = 1.3e3;
$c = 6E-10;
?>
```

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