php.js : strftime() function

strftime() function

The strftime() function is used to get a local time/date format according to the locale settings.




strftime(format, timestamp ) 


Name Description Required /
format Day :
%a - Short day abbreviation ( Sun through Sat)
%A - A full day name ( Sunday through Saturday)
%d - Numeric day of the month with leading zeros (01 to 31)
%e - Day of the month without leading zeros (1 to 31 )
%j - Day of the year, 3 digits with leading zeros (001 to 366)
%u - ISO-8601 numeric day of the week 1 (for Monday) through 7 (for Sunday)
%w - Numeric day of the week 0 (for Sunday) through 6 (for Saturday)

Week :
%U - Week number of a specified year, starting with the first Sunday as the first week 13 (for the 13th full week of the year)
%V - ISO-8601:1988 week number of a specific year, starting the first week of the year with at least 4 weekdays. Example : Monday being the start of the week 01 through 53
%W - Numeric representation of week number of year. Week starting from Monday

Month :
%b - Abbreviated month name (Jan through Dec)
%B - Full month name (January through December)
%h - Abbreviated month name (Jan through Dec)
%m - Numeric representation of the month in two digits 01 (for January) through 12 (for December)

Year :
%C - Numeric representation of the century in two digits
%g - Two digit representation of the year going by ISO-8601:1988 standards
%G - The full four-digit representation of the year
%y - Numeric representation of the year in two digits (Example: 99 for 1999)
%Y - Four digit representation for the year Example: 2011

Time :
%H - 24-hour format of an hour (00 through 23)
%I - 12-hour format of an hour (01 through 12 )
%l - 12-hour format of an hour without leading zeros (1 to 12)
%M -Minutes with leading zeros (00 through 59)
%p - UPPER-CASE 'AM' or 'PM'
%P - lower-case 'am' or 'pm'
%r - Same as "%I:%M:%S %p"
%R - Same as "%H:%M"
%S - Seconds with leading zero (00 through 59)
%T - Same as "%H:%M:%S"
%X - Represent times without the date
%z - The time zone offset from UTC or the abbreviation
%Z - The time zone offset or abbreviation if option NOT given by %z

Time and Date Stamps :
%c - A specific date and time stamp based on local
%D - Same as "%m/%d/%y"
%F - Same as "%Y-%m-%d" (usually used in database datestamps)
%s - Unix Epoch Time timestamp
%x - A date representation based on locale date, without the time

Miscellaneous :
%n - A newline character ("\n")
%t - A Tab character ("\t")
%% - A literal percentage character ("%")
optional string
timestamp An integer indicates the unixtimestamp. If a timestamp is not supplied, it gives the current local time. optional integer

Example of php.js strftime() function:

In the following web document strftime() function returns formatted string of local time/date.

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<title>php.js : strftime() function example</title>
<script type="text/javascript" src="../../phpjs/date/datetime.min.js"> </script>
<h1 style="color: green">php.js : strftime() function example</h1>
<h3>local date/time format according to locale setting</h3>
<hr />
<script type="text/javascript">
//This is done to make the following JavaScript code compatible to XHTML. <![CDATA[
document.write(strftime("%B %D %Y %X", mktime(10,0,0,11,21,2004))+"<br />");
document.write(strftime("%b %d %Y %X", mktime(20,0,0,12,31,98))+"<br />");
document.write(strftime("Today is %a on %b %d, %Y, %X time zone: %Z",time())+"<br />");
document.write(strftime("%A", 1062462400));

Output of the function:

November 11/21/04 2004 10:00:00 AM
Dec 31 1998 08:00:00 PM
Today is Thu on Jul 07, 2011, 05:01:29 PM time zone: India Standard Time

Output vary time to time as current time changes.

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