Python: Accept an even number from the user and create a combinations that express the given number as a sum of two prime numbers
Python Basic - 1: Exercise-53 with Solution
Write a Python program which accepts an even number (>=4, Goldbach number) from the user and creates combinations which express the given number as a sum of two prime numbers. Print the number of combinations.
Goldbach number: A Goldbach number is a positive even integer that can be expressed as the sum of two odd primes. Since four is the only even number greater than two that requires the even prime 2 in order to be written as the sum of two primes, another form of the statement of Goldbach's conjecture is that all even integers greater than 4 are Goldbach numbers.
The expression of a given even number as a sum of two primes is called a Goldbach partition of that number. The following are examples of Goldbach partitions for some even numbers:
6 = 3 + 3
8 = 3 + 5
10 = 3 + 7 = 5 + 5
12 = 7 + 5
100 = 3 + 97 = 11 + 89 = 17 + 83 = 29 + 71 = 41 + 59 = 47 + 53
import sys from bisect import bisect_right from itertools import chain, compress print("Input an even number (0 to exit):") ub = 50000 is_prime = [0, 0, 1, 1] + *(ub-3) is_prime[5::6] = is_prime[7::6] = *int(ub/6) primes = [2, 3] append = primes.append for n in chain(range(5, ub, 6), range(7, ub, 6)): if is_prime[n]: append(n) is_prime[n*3::n*2] = *((ub-n)//(n*2)) primes.sort() for n in map(int, sys.stdin): if not n: break if n%2: print("Number of combinations:") print(is_prime[n-2]) else: print("Number of combinations:") print(len([1 for p in primes[:bisect_right(primes, n/2)] if is_prime[n-p]]))
Input an even number (0 to exit): 100 Number of combinations: 6
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