# Python: Multiply all the items in a list

## Python List: Exercise-2 with Solution

Write a Python program to multiply all the items in a list.

**Visual Presentation:**

**Sample Solution:**

**Python Code:**

```
# Define a function called multiply_list that takes a list 'items' as input
def multiply_list(items):
# Initialize a variable 'tot' to store the product of the numbers, starting with 1
tot = 1
# Iterate through each element 'x' in the input list 'items'
for x in items:
# Multiply the current element 'x' with the 'tot' variable
tot *= x
# Return the final product of the numbers
return tot
# Call the multiply_list function with the list [1, 2, -8] as input and print the result
print(multiply_list([1, 2, -8]))
```

Sample Output:

-16

**Explanation:**

In the above exercise -

def multiply_list(items): -> This line defines a function called “multiply_list” that takes a single argument items. This function will be used to calculate the product of all the numbers in the items list.

- tot = 1 -> This line initializes a variable called tot to 1. This will be used to keep track of the running total of the product of the numbers in the list.
- for x in items: -> This line starts a loop that will iterate over each element in the items list, one at a time.
- tot *= x -> This line multiplies the current value of x by the tot variable. This is equivalent to the shorter form tot = tot * x.
- return tot -> This line returns the final value of the tot variable after the loop has finished. This is the product of all the numbers in the items list.

print(multiply_list([1,2,-8])) -> This line calls the multiply_list() function and passes in the list [1,2,-8]. The resulting product is then printed to the console using the print function.

**Flowchart:**

**Python Code Editor:**

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