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Python: Display an input string in upper and lower cases

Python String: Exercise-13 with Solution

Write a Python script that takes input from the user and displays that input back in upper and lower cases.

Python String Exercises: Display a input string in upper and lower cases

Sample Solution:-

Python Code:

user_input = input("What's your favourite language? ")
print("My favourite language is ", user_input.upper())
print("My favourite language is ", user_input.lower())

Sample Output:

What's your favourite language? english                                                                       
My favourite language is  ENGLISH                                                                             
My favourite language is  english 

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Display a input string in upper and lower cases

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Python Code Editor:

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Python: Tips of the Day

Check if a given key already exists in a dictionary:

In is the intended way to test for the existence of a key in a dict.

d = {"key1": 10, "key2": 23}

if "key1" in d:
    print("this will execute")

if "nonexistent key" in d:
    print("this will not")

If you wanted a default, you can always use dict.get():

d = dict()

for i in range(100):
    key = i % 10
    d[key] = d.get(key, 0) + 1

and if you wanted to always ensure a default value for any key you can either use dict.setdefault() repeatedly or defaultdict from the collections module, like so:

from collections import defaultdict

d = defaultdict(int)

for i in range(100):
    d[i % 10] += 1

but in general, the in keyword is the best way to do it.

Ref: https://bit.ly/2XPMRyz