Python Multi-threading and Concurrency: Multi-threaded merge sort implementation

Python Multi-threading: Exercise-5 with Solution

Write a Python program to implement a multi-threaded merge sort algorithm.

Sample Solution:

Python Code:

import threading
def merge_sort(arr):
    if len(arr) <= 1:
        return arr
    mid = len(arr) // 2
    left = arr[:mid]
    right = arr[mid:]
    left = merge_sort(left)
    right = merge_sort(right)
    return merge(left, right)
def merge(left, right):
    merged = []
    i = j = 0

    while i < len(left) and j < len(right):
        if left[i] <= right[j]:
            i += 1
            j += 1

    while i < len(left):
        i += 1

    while j < len(right):
        j += 1
    return merged
def multi_threaded_merge_sort(arr, num_threads):
    if num_threads <= 1:
        return merge_sort(arr)
    # Divide the input list into equal-sized sublists
    size = len(arr) // num_threads
    sublists = [arr[i:i+size] for i in range(0, len(arr), size)]
    # Create threads for sorting each sublist
    threads = []
    sorted_sublists = []
    for sublist in sublists:
        thread = threading.Thread(target=lambda sublist: sorted_sublists.append(merge_sort(sublist)), args=(sublist,))
    # Wait for all threads to complete
    for thread in threads:
    # Merge the sorted sublists
    merged = sorted_sublists[0]
    for sublist in sorted_sublists[1:]:
        merged = merge(merged, sublist)
    return merged
# Example usage
input_list = [ 4,5,8,3,0,5,3,9,4,3]
num_threads = 2
print("Original List:", input_list )
sorted_list = multi_threaded_merge_sort(input_list, num_threads)
print("Sorted list:", sorted_list)

Sample Output:

Original List: [4, 5, 8, 3, 0, 5, 3, 9, 4, 3]
Sorted list: [0, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 8, 9]


In the above exercise, we define a "merge_sort()" function that implements the regular merge sort algorithm to sort a given list. A "merge()" function is also defined, which merges two sorted lists into one.

The "multi_threaded_merge_sort()" function takes the input list and the number of threads as arguments. It divides the input list into equal-sized sublists and creates threads for sorting each sublist. Each thread runs the "merge_sort()" function independently. After all the threads complete, the program merges the sorted sublists using the "merge()" function.


Flowchart: Python - Multi-threaded merge sort implementation

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