Python Tkinter simple calculator example

Python Tkinter Events and Event Handling: Exercise-3 with Solution

Write a Python program that implements a simple calculator application using Tkinter with buttons for digits (0-9) and arithmetic operators (+, -, *, /). Implement event handling to calculate.

Sample Solution:

Python Code:

import tkinter as tk
# Function to update the input field
def button_click(char):
    current = entry.get()
    if char == "C":
        entry.delete(0, tk.END)
    elif char == "=":
            result = eval(current)
            entry.delete(0, tk.END)
            entry.insert(0, result)
        except Exception:
            entry.delete(0, tk.END)
            entry.insert(0, "Error")
    elif char == "←":
        entry.delete(len(current) - 1, tk.END)
        entry.insert(tk.END, char)

# Create the main window
root = tk.Tk()

# Create an input field
entry = tk.Entry(root, width=20, font=("Arial", 20))
entry.grid(row=0, column=0, columnspan=5)

# Create buttons for digits (0-9)
buttons = [
    "7", "8", "9", "+",
    "4", "5", "6", "-",
    "1", "2", "3", "*",
    "0", ".", "=", "/"
row, col = 1, 0
for button in buttons:
    tk.Button(root, text=button, padx=20, pady=20, font=("Arial", 16),
              command=lambda button=button: button_click(button)).grid(row=row, column=col)
    col += 1
    if col > 3:
        col = 0
        row += 1

# Create a Backspace button
tk.Button(root, text="←", padx=20, pady=20, font=("Arial", 16),
          command=lambda: button_click("←")).grid(row=5, column=3)

# Create a Clear (C) button
tk.Button(root, text="C", padx=20, pady=20, font=("Arial", 16),
          command=lambda: button_click("C")).grid(row=5, column=2)

# Start the Tkinter main loop


In the exercise above -

  • Import the "tkinter" module.
  • Define functions "button_click(), "clear", and calculate for handling button clicks.
  • Create the main Tkinter window root and set its title.
  • Create an input field using 'tk.Entry' for displaying and entering expressions.
  • Create buttons for digits (0-9) and operators (+, -, *, /) using tk.Button, and we bind the button_click function to each button to update the input field.
  • Create Clear (C), Equals (=) buttons and add a Backspace (←) button that, when clicked, deletes the last character from the input field. We bind the clear and calculate functions to these buttons.
  • Finally, start the Tkinter main loop with root.mainloop().


Tkinter: Python Tkinter simple calculator example. Part-1
Tkinter: Python Tkinter simple calculator example. Part-2


Flowchart: Python Tkinter simple calculator example.

Python Code Editor:

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Python: Tips of the Day

Summing a sequence of numbers (calculating the sum of zero to ten with skips):

>>> l = range(0,10,2)
>>> sum(l)


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