﻿ SQL: Employees joined in company before 19th of the month

# SQL Exercise: Employees joined in company before 19th of the month

## SQL employee Database: Exercise-34 with Solution

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34. From the following table, write a SQL query to find out which employees joined the company before the 19th of the month. Return complete information about the employees.

Sample table: employees

Pictorial Presentation:

Sample Solution:

``````SELECT *
FROM employees
WHERE to_char(hire_date,'DD') < '19';
``````

Sample Output:

``` emp_id | emp_name | job_name  | manager_id | hire_date  | salary  | commission | dep_id
--------+----------+-----------+------------+------------+---------+------------+--------
68319 | KAYLING  | PRESIDENT |            | 1991-11-18 | 6000.00 |            |   1001
66928 | BLAZE    | MANAGER   |      68319 | 1991-05-01 | 2750.00 |            |   3001
67832 | CLARE    | MANAGER   |      68319 | 1991-06-09 | 2550.00 |            |   1001
65646 | JONAS    | MANAGER   |      68319 | 1991-04-02 | 2957.00 |            |   2001
69062 | FRANK    | ANALYST   |      65646 | 1991-12-03 | 3100.00 |            |   2001
63679 | SANDRINE | CLERK     |      69062 | 1990-12-18 |  900.00 |            |   2001
68454 | TUCKER   | SALESMAN  |      66928 | 1991-09-08 | 1600.00 |       0.00 |   3001
69000 | JULIUS   | CLERK     |      66928 | 1991-12-03 | 1050.00 |            |   3001
(8 rows)
```

Explanation:

The said query in SQL that selects all columns from the table 'employees' where the hire_date value, after being converted to a character string with the format mask 'DD', is less than '19'.

The to_char function converts the "hire_date" column to a character string with the format mask 'DD', which means that only the day of the month will be displayed.

The WHERE clause includes only those rows for the day of the hire_date value is less than the 19th day of the month.

## Practice Online

Sample Database: employee

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Previous SQL Exercise: List the employees who joined in the month of APRIL.
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