﻿ SQL: Find the name and department of the physician

SQL Exercise: Find the name and department of the physician

SQL hospital Database: Exercise-8 with Solution

8. From the following tables, write a SQL query to identify the physician and the department with which he or she is affiliated. Return Physician name as "Physician", and department name as "Department".

Sample table: physician
``` employeeid |       name        |           position           |    ssn
------------+-------------------+------------------------------+-----------
1 | John Dorian       | Staff Internist              | 111111111
2 | Elliot Reid       | Attending Physician          | 222222222
3 | Christopher Turk  | Surgical Attending Physician | 333333333
4 | Percival Cox      | Senior Attending Physician   | 444444444
5 | Bob Kelso         | Head Chief of Medicine       | 555555555
6 | Todd Quinlan      | Surgical Attending Physician | 666666666
7 | John Wen          | Surgical Attending Physician | 777777777
8 | Keith Dudemeister | MD Resident                  | 888888888
9 | Molly Clock       | Attending Psychiatrist       | 999999999
```
Sample table: department
``` departmentid |       name       | head
--------------+------------------+------
1 | General Medicine |    4
2 | Surgery          |    7
3 | Psychiatry       |    9

```
Sample table: affiliated_with
``` physician | department | primaryaffiliation
-----------+------------+--------------------
1 |          1 | t
2 |          1 | t
3 |          1 | f
3 |          2 | t
4 |          1 | t
5 |          1 | t
6 |          2 | t
7 |          1 | f
7 |          2 | t
8 |          1 | t
9 |          3 | t
```

Sample Solution:

``````SELECT p.name AS "Physician",
d.name AS "Department"
FROM physician p,
department d,
affiliated_with a
WHERE p.employeeid=a.physician
AND a.department=d.departmentid;
``````

Sample Output:

```     Physician     |    Department
-------------------+------------------
John Dorian       | General Medicine
Elliot Reid       | General Medicine
Christopher Turk  | General Medicine
Christopher Turk  | Surgery
Percival Cox      | General Medicine
Bob Kelso         | General Medicine
Todd Quinlan      | Surgery
John Wen          | General Medicine
John Wen          | Surgery
Keith Dudemeister | General Medicine
Molly Clock       | Psychiatry
(11 rows)
```

Explanation:

The said query in SQL that selects the name of physicians and the department they are affiliated with from the physician table, department table, and affiliated_with table.

The query uses a join to combine data from the three tables. It selects the physician name from the physician table, department name from the department table, and uses the affiliated_with table to link the two. The affiliated_with table contains foreign keys to the physician and department tables, which are used to join the tables on their respective IDs.

The column headers will be labeled "Physician" and "Department", respectively.

Pictorial presentation:

Alternative Solutions:

Using INNER JOIN Syntax:

``````
SELECT p.name AS "Physician",
d.name AS "Department"
FROM physician p
JOIN affiliated_with a ON p.employeeid = a.physician
JOIN department d ON a.department = d.departmentid;
``````

Explanation:

This query uses the INNER JOIN syntax to join the physician, affiliated_with, and department tables based on their respective IDs. It selects the physician name (p.name) and department name (d.name) in the result.

Using Explicit JOIN with ON Clause:

``````
SELECT p.name AS "Physician",
d.name AS "Department"
FROM physician p
INNER JOIN affiliated_with a ON p.employeeid = a.physician
INNER JOIN department d ON a.department = d.departmentid;
``````

Explanation:

This query uses the INNER JOIN syntax to join the physician, affiliated_with, and department tables based on their respective IDs. It selects the physician name and department name in the result.

Practice Online

E R Diagram of Hospital Database:

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