# C Exercises: Find the sum of lower triangular elements of a matrix

## C Array: Exercise-75 with Solution

Write a program in C to find the sum of the lower triangular elements of a matrix.

Expected Output:

The given array is :

1 2 3

4 5 6

7 8 9

The elements being summed of the lower triangular matrix are: 4 7 8

The Sum of the lower triangular Matrix Elements are: 19

The task is to write a C program that calculates the sum of the lower triangular elements of a given matrix. The lower triangular elements are those located on or below the main diagonal of the matrix. The program should traverse the matrix, identify these elements, compute their sum, and then display both the individual elements and their total sum.

**Visual Presentation:**

**Sample Solution:**

**C Code:**

```
#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
int R, C, n, r, c, sum = 0;
int arr1[3][3] = {{1, 2, 3},
{4, 5, 6},
{7, 8, 9}};
R = C = n = 3;
int i, j;
// Print original array
printf("The given array is : \n");
for (i = 0; i < R; i++) {
for (j = 0; j < C; j++) {
printf("%d ", arr1[i][j]);
}
printf("\n");
}
printf("The elements being summed of the lower triangular matrix are: ");
for (r = 0; r < R; r++) {
for (c = 0; c < C; c++) {
if (r > c) {
printf("%d ", arr1[r][c]); // Print the elements of the lower triangular matrix
sum += arr1[r][c]; // Add the elements of the lower triangular matrix
}
}
}
printf("\nThe Sum of the lower triangular Matrix Elements are: %d", sum);
return 0;
}
```

Output:

The given array is : 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 The elements being summed of the lower triangular matrix are: 4 7 8 The Sum of the lower triangular Matrix Elements are: 19

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