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C Exercises: Find the length of the longest valid parentheses substring of a given string

C Programming Practice: Exercise-16 with Solution

Write a C programming to find the length of the longest valid (correct-formed) parentheses substring of a given string.

C Code:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

static int longest_valid_parentheses(char* parentheses_str)
{
    int cap = 8000, error = -1;
    int length = 0, max_length = 0;
    char *p = parentheses_str;
    int *pstack = malloc(cap * sizeof(int));
    int *top = pstack;

    while (*p != '\0') {
        if (*p == '(') {
            if (top + 1 - pstack >= cap) {
                cap *= 2;
                pstack = realloc(pstack, cap * sizeof(int));
            }
            *top++ = p - parentheses_str;
        } else {
            if (top > pstack) {
                if (--top == pstack) {
                     length = p - (parentheses_str + error);
                } else {
                    length = p - (parentheses_str + *(top - 1));
                }
                if (length > max_length) {
                    max_length = length;
                }
            } else {
                error = p - parentheses_str;
            }
        }
        p++;
    }
    return max_length;
}

int main(void)
 {
    char main_str[] = "(()))";
	printf("\nOriginal Parentheses string: %s", main_str);
	printf("\nLength of longest parentheses: %d", longest_valid_parentheses(main_str));
    return 0;
 }

Sample Output:

Original Parentheses string: (()))
Length of longest parentheses: 4

Pictorial Presentation:

C Programming: Find the length of the longest valid parentheses substring  of a given string.

Flowchart:

C Programming Flowchart: Find the length of the longest valid (correct-formed) parentheses substring  of a given string

C Programming Code Editor:

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C Programming: Tips of the Day

The tilde operator in C:

The ~ operator is bitwise NOT, it inverts the bits in a binary number:

NOT 011100
  = 100011

Ref : https://bit.ly/3DR1N24