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HTML col tag and element

HTML col element

1. HTML col (column) element represents a structural division comprising columns of an HTML table.

2. A colgroup starts with <col> tag. And ends with </col> tag, which is forbidden.

3. Using col is useful when you want to apply certain style or attributes to a number of table columns.

Syntax

 <col>  
.......
</col>

Category

HTML colgroup element is a part of HTML Tables.

Whether both start and end tags are required

Start tag is required but end tag is forbidden.

Can contain

HTML col element can contain one or more table columns.

Can reside within

HTML col element can reside within table element.

Attributes

span, width.

Identifiers

id, class.

language information and text direction

lang, dir.

Title

Title.

Style

Style.

Events

onclick, ondblclick, onmousedown, onmouseup, onmouseover, onmousemove, onmouseout, onkeypress, onkeydown, onkeyup.

Cell alignment

align, char and charoff attributes.

Supported doctypes

HTML 4.01 Strict, HTML 4.01 Transitional, and HTML 4.01 Frameset.

Example of using HTML col element

<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1">
<title>Example of HTML  col element</title>
</head>
<body>
<table width="100%" border="1">
<col span="3" align="center">
<tr>
<th>Name</th>
<th>Designation</th>
<th>Salary</th>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Subroto Dey. </td>
<td>Regional head, Sales </td>
<td>$1500</td>
</tr>
</table>
</body>
</html>

Result

html col element

View this example in a separate browser window

HTML col tag example.

Pictorial presentation

html col tag example

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