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Java Method Exercises: Compute the average of three numbers

Java Method: Exercise-2 with Solution

Write a Java method to compute the average of three numbers.

Test Data:
Input the first number: 25
Input the second number: 45
Input the third number: 65

Pictorial Presentation:

Java Method Exercises: Compute the average of three numbers

Sample Solution:

Java Code:

import java.util.Scanner;
public class Exercise2 {

 public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in);
        System.out.print("Input the first number: ");
        double x = in.nextDouble();
        System.out.print("Input the second number: ");
        double y = in.nextDouble();
        System.out.print("Input the third number: ");
        double z = in.nextDouble();
        System.out.print("The average value is " + average(x, y, z)+"\n" );
    }

  public static double average(double x, double y, double z)
    {
        return (x + y + z) / 3;
    }
}

Sample Output:

Input the first number: 25                                                                                    
Input the second number: 45                                                                                   
Input the third number: 65                                                                                    
The average value is 45.0

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Compute the average of three numbers

Java Practice online:

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Next: Write a Java method to display the middle character of a string.

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Java: Tips of the Day

Array vs ArrayLists:

The main difference between these two is that an Array is of fixed size so once you have created an Array you cannot change it but the ArrayList is not of fixed size. You can create instances of ArrayLists without specifying its size. So if you create such instances of an ArrayList without specifying its size Java will create an instance of an ArrayList of default size.

Once an ArrayList is full it re-sizes itself. In fact, an ArrayList is internally supported by an array. So when an ArrayList is resized it will slow down its performance a bit as the contents of the old Array must be copied to a new Array.

At the same time, it's compulsory to specify the size of an Array directly or indirectly while creating it. And also Arrays can store both primitives and objects while ArrayLists only can store objects.

Ref: https://bit.ly/3o8L2KH