JavaScript while loop


In JavaScript the while loop is simple, it executes its statements repeatedly as long as the condition is true. The condition is checked every time at the beginning of the loop.


while (condition)

Pictorial Presentation:

javascript while loop


The following web document calculates the sum of odd numbers between 0 to 10. The while loop starts with x = 0 and runs until it equals to 10. If the remainder of x/2 is not equals to 0 we add x with y and after completion of the loop y return the sum of odd numbers.


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en"><br><head>
<meta charset=utf-8>
<title>JavaScript while statement :  Example-1</title>
<body> <body> <h1 style="color: red">JavaScript : while statement</h1> <h3> The while loop calculate the sum of odd numbers between 0 to 10. </h3> <p id="result">List of numbers :</p> <script src="while-statement-example1.js"></script> </body> </html>

JS Code

var x = 1;
var y = 0;
var z = 0;
document.getElementById("result").innerHTML = "List of numbers : ";
while (x <=10 )
z = x %  2;
if (z !== 0)
var newParagraph1 = document.createElement("p");
var newText1 = document.createTextNode(x);
var newParagraph1 = document.createElement("p");
var newText1 = document.createTextNode("The sum of even numbers between 0 to 10 is : " + y);

View the example in the browser

Practice the example online

See the Pen while-1 by w3resource (@w3resource) on CodePen.

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JavaScript: Tips of the Day

How do I redirect to another webpage?

window.location.replace(...) is better than using window.location.href, because replace() does not keep the originating page in the session history, meaning the user won't get stuck in a never-ending back-button fiasco.

If you want to simulate someone clicking on a link, use location.href

If you want to simulate an HTTP redirect, use location.replace.

// similar behavior as an HTTP redirect

// similar behavior as clicking on a link
window.location.href = "http://stackoverflow.com";

Ref: https://bit.ly/37JdWH8