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Python: Find the number of notes against a specified amount

Python Basic - 1: Exercise-21 with Solution

Write a Python program to find the number of notes (Sample of notes: 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 ) against a given amount.

Range - Number of notes(n) : n (1 ≤ n ≤ 1000000).

Pictorial Presentation:

Python: Find the number of notes against a specified amount

Sample Solution:

Python Code:

def no_notes(a):
  Q = [500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10]
  x = 0
  for i in range(6):
    q = Q[i]
    x += int(a / q)
    a = int(a % q)
  if a > 0:
    x = -1
  return x
print(no_notes(880))
print(no_notes(1000))

Sample Output:

6
2

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Python - Find the number of notes against a specified amount

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Previous: Write a Python program to find the number of zeros at the end of a factorial of a given positive number.
Next: Write a Python program to create a sequence where the first four members of the sequence are equal to one, and each successive term of the sequence is equal to the sum of the four previous ones. Find the Nth member of the sequence.

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Python: Tips of the Day

Iterating over dictionaries using 'for' loops:

I am a bit puzzled by the following code: d = {'x': 1, 'y': 2, 'z': 3} for key in d: print key, 'corresponds to', d[key] What I don't understand is the key portion. How does Python recognize ...

key is just a variable name.

for key in d:

For Python 3.x:

for key, value in d.items():

For Python 2.x:

for key, value in d.iteritems():

To test for yourself, change the word key to poop.

In Python 3.x, iteritems() was replaced with simply items(), which returns a set-like view backed by the dict, like iteritems() but even better. This is also available in 2.7 as viewitems().

The operation items() will work for both 2 and 3, but in 2 it will return a list of the dictionary's (key, value) pairs, which will not reflect changes to the dict that happen after the items() call. If you want the 2.x behavior in 3.x, you can call list(d.items()).

Ref: https://bit.ly/37dm0Qo