﻿ Python: Test if circumference of two circles intersect or overlap - w3resource

# Python: Test if circumference of two circles intersect or overlap

## Python Basic - 1: Exercise-45 with Solution

There are two circles C1 with radius r1, central coordinate (x1, y1) and C2 with radius r2 and central coordinate (x2, y2)

Write a Python program to test the followings -
• "C2 is in C1" if C2 is in C1
• "C1 is in C2" if C1 is in C2
• "Circumference of C1 and C2 intersect" if circumference of C1 and C2 intersect
• "C1 and C2 do not overlap" if C1 and C2 do not overlap and
• "Circumference of C1 and C2 will touch" if C1 and C2 touch

Input:
Input numbers (real numbers) are separated by a space.

Visual Presentation:

Sample Solution:

Python Code:

``````# Import the math module
import math

# Prompt the user to input x1, y1, r1, x2, y2, r2
print("Input x1, y1, r1, x2, y2, r2:")

# Take user input and convert it to floating-point numbers
x1, y1, r1, x2, y2, r2 = [float(i) for i in input().split()]

# Calculate the distance between the centers of the two circles
d = math.sqrt((x1 - x2)**2 + (y1 - y2)**2)

# Check and print the relationship between the two circles based on their radii and distance
if d <= r1 - r2:
print("C2 is in C1")
elif d <= r2 - r1:
print("C1 is in C2")
elif d < r1 + r2:
print("Circumference of C1 and C2 intersect")
elif d == r1 + r2:
print("Circumference of C1 and C2 will touch")
else:
print("C1 and C2 do not overlap")
``````

Sample Output:

```Input x1, y1, r1, x2, y2, r2:
5 4 2 3 9 2
C1 and C2  do not overlap
```
```Input x1, y1, r1, x2, y2, r2:
5 4 3 5 10 3
Circumference of C1 and C2 will touch
```
```Input x1, y1, r1, x2, y2, r2:
6 4 3 10 4 2
Circumference of C1  and C2  intersect
```
```Input x1, y1, r1, x2, y2, r2:
5 4 3 5 4 2
C2  is in C1
```
```Input x1, y1, r1, x2, y2, r2:
5 4 2 5 4 3
C1  is in C2
```

Explanation:

Here is a breakdown of the above Python code:

• The code imports the "math" module.
• It prompts the user to input the coordinates and radii of two circles (x1, y1, r1, x2, y2, r2).
• It calculates the distance (d) between the centers of the two circles using the distance formula.
• The code checks the relationship between two circles based on their radii and distance.
• It prints the appropriate message indicating the relationship between the circles.

Flowchart:

Python Code Editor:

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