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Python: Decapitalize the first letter of a given string

Python String: Exercise-98 with Solution

Write a Python program to decapitalize the first letter of a given string.

  • Use list slicing and str.lower() to decapitalize the first letter of the string.
  • Use str.join() to combine the lowercase first letter with the rest of the characters.
  • Omit the upper_rest parameter to keep the rest of the string intact, or set it to True to convert to uppercase.

Sample Solution:

Python Code:

def decapitalize_first_letter(s, upper_rest = False):
  return ''.join([s[:1].lower(), (s[1:].upper() if upper_rest else s[1:])]) 
print(decapitalize_first_letter('Java Script'))
print(decapitalize_first_letter('Python'))

Sample Output:

java Script
python

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Decapitalize the first letter of a given string.

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Python Code Editor:

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Python: Tips of the Day

Check if a given key already exists in a dictionary:

In is the intended way to test for the existence of a key in a dict.

d = {"key1": 10, "key2": 23}

if "key1" in d:
    print("this will execute")

if "nonexistent key" in d:
    print("this will not")

If you wanted a default, you can always use dict.get():

d = dict()

for i in range(100):
    key = i % 10
    d[key] = d.get(key, 0) + 1

and if you wanted to always ensure a default value for any key you can either use dict.setdefault() repeatedly or defaultdict from the collections module, like so:

from collections import defaultdict

d = defaultdict(int)

for i in range(100):
    d[i % 10] += 1

but in general, the in keyword is the best way to do it.

Ref: https://bit.ly/2XPMRyz