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PHP Assignment Operators

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Description

Assignment operators allow writing a value to a variable. The first operand must be a variable and the basic assignment operator is "=". The value of an assignment expression is the final value assigned to the variable. In addition to the regular assignment operator "=", several other assignment operators are composites of an operator followed by an equal sign.

Interestingly all five arithmetic operators have corresponding assignment operators, Here is the list.

  • +=
  • -=
  • *=
  • /=
  • %=

The following table discussed more details of the said assignment operators.

Shorthand Expression Description
$a+= $b $a = $a + $b Adds 2 numbers and assigns the result to the first.
$a-= $b $a = $a -$b Subtracts 2 numbers and assigns the result to the first.
$a*= $b $a = $a*$b Multiplies 2 numbers and assigns the result to the first.
$a/= $b $a = $a/$b Divides 2 numbers and assigns the result to the first.
$a%= $b $a = $a%$b Computes the modulus of 2 numbers and assigns the result to the first.

Example :

<?php
$x1=100;
$x2=200;
$x3=300;
$x4=400;
$x5=500;
$x1+= 100;
echo " $x1 <br />";
$x2-= 200;
echo " $x2 <br />";
$x3*= 300;
echo " $x3 <br />";
$x4/= 400;
echo " $x4 <br />";
$x5%= 500;
echo " $x5 <br />";
$x=($y=11)+9;
echo " Value of x & y is :  $x  $y <br />";
?>

Output :

200
0
90000
1
0
Value of x & y is : 20 11

View the example in the browser



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