w3resource logo


PHP Tutorial

PHP: Incrementing Decrementing Operators

Secondary Nav

Description

PHP supports C-style pre and post increment and decrement operators. The Increment/decrement operators operate only on variables and not on any value.

List of increment/decrement operators

Example Name Effect
++$x Pre-increment Increments $x by 1, then returns $x.
$x++ Post-increment Returns $x, then increments $x by 1.
--$x Pre-decrement Decrements $x by 1, then returns $x.
$x-- Post-decrement Returns $x, then decrements $x by 1.

Example :

<?php
$a = 10;
echo 'Value of $a is :'.$a;
echo '<br />After Pre-increment value of $a ( i.e. ++$a ) is: '.++$a;
$a = 20;
echo '<br />Value of $a is :'.$a;
echo '<br />After Post-increment value of $a ( i.e. $a++ ) is: '.$a++;
$a = 30;
echo '<br />Value of $a is :'.$a;
echo '<br />After Pre-decrement value of $a ( i.e. --$a ) is: '.--$a;
$a = 40;
echo '<br />Value of $a is :'.$a;
echo '<br />After Post-decrement value of $a ( i.e. $a-- ) is: '.$a--;
?>

Output :

Value of $a is :10
After Pre-increment value of $a ( i.e. ++$a ) is: 11
Value of $a is :20
After Post-increment value of $a ( i.e. $a++ ) is: 20
Value of $a is :30
After Pre-decrement value of $a ( i.e. --$a ) is: 29
Value of $a is :40
After Post-decrement value of $a ( i.e. $a-- ) is: 40

View the example in the browser