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Run cycle overview and detects multiple calls to done() feature


In this section we will give a brief outline on the order Mocha's components are executed. It should be noted that all hooks, describe and it callbacks will be run in the order that you define them. That is to say as they are written in your test file.

run 'mocha spec.js'
```
|
spawn child process
|
|--------------> inside child process
  process and apply options
  |
  run spec file/s
  |
  |--------------> per spec file
    suite callbacks (e.g., 'describe')
    |
    'before' root-level pre-hook
    |
    'before' pre-hook
    |
    |--------------> per test
      'beforeEach' root-level pre-hook
      |
      'beforeEach' pre-hook
      |
      test callbacks (e.g., 'it')
      |
      'afterEach' post-hook
      |
      'afterEach' root-level post-hook
    |<-------------- per test end
    |
    'after' post-hook
    |
    'after' root-level post-hooks
  |<-------------- per spec file end
|<-------------- inside child process end

Detects multiple calls to done()

This is the first feature we will be discussing, whenever you use callback-based async tests, Mocha throws an error if done() is called multiple times. This is useful for catching double callbacks.

it('double done', function(done) {
  // calling `done()` twice will be an error
  setImmediate(done);
  setImmediate(done);
});

You will get the error message below when you run the test above:

./node_modules/.bin/mocha mocha.test.js

  ? double done
  1) double done

  1 passing (6ms)
  1 failing

  1) double done:
     Error: done() called multiple times
      at Object.<anonymous> (mocha.test.js:1:63)
      at require (internal/module.js:11:18)
      at Array.forEach (<anonymous>)
      at startup (bootstrap_node.js:187:16)
      at bootstrap_node.js:608:3
mocha detects multiple calls to done

Multiple call to done() error message



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