w3resource

Laravel (5.7) Package Development

Create our folder for our new package

Create a fresh Laravel project;

laravel new core

After a new Laravel install we create a new folder called packages inside the root of our app.

We are going to use this packages folder instead of the vendor folder because files inside of our vendor folder should only be managed by composer. Once we have published our package we can then include it in our vendor folder using composer.

Next, we will create a folder inside of packages which will be our vendor or company name. So for my case I will use yoosuf.

Then inside of that folder we'll create another folder with the name of our package **calculator**.

Lastly we will add one last folder called 'src' which is where the code for our pacakge will live.

So, our folder structure will be

'packages/yoosuf/calculator/src'

Ok, and now that we have our folders ready, let's go ahead and name our package in our project by initializing a 'composer.json' file.

Name our package and initialize it with composer

Inside your command prompt navigate to the folder with your package name. In our case: 'packages/yoosuf/calculator', and run the following command:

composer init

This will initialize the current folder as a composer package and it will ask you a series of questions to setup your package. It will ask for the name, description, author, and a little more info about your package. After you have finished this onscreen setup you will have a new file in your package folder called 'composer.json'.

Don't worry if you don't know any of the questions through the initialization steps, just press enter to skip it and you can add or edit this later.

The 'composer.json' file will look similar to the following:

{
"name": "yoosuf/calculator",
"description": "This demo package will do some calculations",
"authors": [
{
"name": "YOUR NAME",
"email": "YOUR EMAIL"
}
],
"minimum-stability": "dev",
"require": {}
}

Great! Now that we have initialized our package we need to tell our main app 'composer.json' file to load it.

Load our package from our application composer.json

With every Laravel application there is a main composer.json file in the root of every new app. This is your main application composer file and this is where we define all our app dependencies.

Let's go ahead and autoload our newly created package via the 'PSR-4' autoload block:

"autoload": {
"classmap": [
"database"
],
"psr-4": {
"App\\": "app/",
"Yoosuf\\Calculator\\": "packages/yoosuf/calculator/src"
}
},

Then we need composer to run the autoloader and autoload our package. To do this we run the following command:

composer dump-autoload

and then to optimise the class loader use the following command (not always needed)

php artisan optimize

Add our package service provider

The service provider is the main entry inside of our package. This is where our package is loaded or booted. In the root of our app, let's create our ServiceProvider with an artisan command via the command line:

php artisan make:provider CalculatorServiceProvider

This will create a new file located at 'app/Providers/CalculatorServiceProvider.php'

Let's move this file into our package folder so that way it lives at 'packages/yoosuf/calculator/src/CalculatorServiceProvider.php'

Don't forget to change your namespace to be your 'Vendor\Package_name'.

As you can see in our new Service Provider class we have 2 methods boot() and 'register()'. The 'boot()' method is used to boot any routes, event listeners, or any other functionality you want to add to your package. The 'register()' method is used to bind any classes or functionality into the app container. We'll learn more about these in the next step.

Next, we need to add our new Service Provider in our config/app.php inside of the 'providers[]' array:

'providers' => [
/*
* Laravel Framework Service Providers...
*/
Illuminate\Auth\AuthServiceProvider::class,
//.. Other providers
yoosuf\Calculator\CalculatorServiceProvider::class,
],

Awesome! Our service provider is loaded and our package is ready to go! But we don't have any functionality yet… Let's tackle that by adding a routes file for our package.

Add our package routes.php file

Let's start by creating a new 'routes.php' inside of our package src directory, and add the following code:

<?php
Route::get('calculator', function(){
echo 'Hello from the calculator package!';
});
Then let's include our routes.php file inside the 'boot()' method of our Service Provider:
public function boot()
{
//
include __DIR__.'/routes.php';
}

And now if we were to load up our laravel app and visit `/calculator` route. I'm using php artisan serve, so I can load my site at `http://localhost:8000/`calculator. Then we should end up with the following page:

How awesome is that! We just called a route loaded from our package! Instead of outputting data inside of a route closure let's create a new controller and reference those methods.

Creating our package controller

Let's create a new controller by running the following artisan command:

php artisan make:controller CalculatorController

Then let's move that controller from 'app/Http/Controllers/CalculatorController.php' to 'packages/yoosuf/calculator/src/CalculatorController.php'.

Next, I will create 2 methods 'add()' and 'subtract()' inside of this controller so the file contents will look like the following:

<?php
namespace yoosuf\Calculator;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use App\Http\Requests;
use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;
class CalculatorController extends Controller
{
//
public function add($a, $b){
echo $a + $b;
}
public function subtract($a, $b){
echo $a - $b;
}
}

Again, remember to change your namespace in your controller above to 'vendor\Package_name';

Also, take note that we need to include:

use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;

So that our controller knows which Controller class to extend from.

Now that we have created our controller we will need to register it. Inside of our Service Provider class in the 'register()' method we will add the following code to register our new controller:

public function register()
{
// register our controller
$this->app->make('yoosuf\Calculator\CalculatorController');
}

Finally, let's add a few more routes to our 'routes.php' file:

Route::get('add/{a}/{b}',

'yoosuf\Calculator\[email protected]');

Route::get('subtract/{a}/{b}',

'yoosuf\Calculator\[email protected]');

Then if we navigate to 'http://localhost:8000/add/5/2' and 'http://localhost:8000/subtract/5/2' we will end up with the following results!

Next, what if we wanted to load a few views from our package. Well, that's easy enough. Let's do that in the next step.

Adding views for our package

Let's create a new folder inside of our package src folder called views. Then let's create a new file and call it 'add.blade.php'. Inside the 'add.blade.php' let's add the following:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Calculator</title>
</head>
<body>
<h1 style="text-align:center">
Your Result
<span style="font-weight:normal">{{ $result }}</span>
</h1>
</body>
</html>

Next let's register where these views should be loaded from by adding a line of code to the register method of our Service Provider:

public function register()
{
// register our controller
$this->app->make('yoosuf\Calculator\CalculatorController');
$this->loadViewsFrom(_DIR_.'/views', 'calculator');
}

Lastly, let's change the 'add()' and 'subtract()' functions inside of our Calculator controller to call this view:

public function add($a, $b){
$result = $a + $b;
return view('calculator::index', compact('result'));
}
public function subtract($a, $b){
$result = $a + $b;
return view('calculator::index', compact('result'));
}

Previous: Laravel (5.7) Notifications
Next: Laravel (5.7) Queues



Share this Tutorial / Exercise on : Facebook and Twitter