PHP: Arithmetic Operators


There are five basic arithmetic operators.

  • + (addition)
  • - (subtraction)
  • * (multiplication)
  •  / (division)
  • % (modulus)

The operators are summarized in the following table.

Operator Name Example Result
+ Addition $x + $y Sum of $x and $y.
- Subtraction $x - $y Difference of $x and $y.
* Multiplication $x * $y Product of $x and $y.
/ Division $x / $y Quotient of $x and $y
% Modulus $x % $y Remainder of $x divided by $y.


echo "The sum of x and y is : ". ($x+$y) ."<br />";
echo "The difference between x and y is : ". ($x-$y) ."<br />";
echo "Multiplication of x and y : ". ($x*$y) ."<br />";
echo "Division of x and y : ". ($x/$y) ."<br />";
echo "Modulus of x and y : " . ($x%$y) ."<br />";


The sum of x and y is : 160
The difference between x and y is : 40
Multiplication of x and y : 6000
Division of x and y : 1.6666666666667
Modulus of x and y : 40

View the example in browser

Note : In the case of division, the operator returns a float value if the two operands are not integers.

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Next: Comparison Operators

PHP: Tips of the Day

In PHP, there are two versions of logical AND and OR operators.

Operator True if
$a and $b Both $a and $b are true
$a && $b Both $a and $b are true
$a or $b Either $a or $b is true
$a || $b Either $a or $b is true

Note that the && and || opererators have higher precedence than and and or. See table below:

Evaluation Result of $e Evaluated as
$e = false || true True $e = (false || true)
$e = false or true False ($e = false) or true

Because of this it's safer to use && and || instead of and and or.