# PHP: Arithmetic Operators

## Description

There are five basic arithmetic operators.

• - (subtraction)
• * (multiplication)
•  / (division)
• % (modulus)

The operators are summarized in the following table.

Operator Name Example Result
+ Addition \$x + \$y Sum of \$x and \$y.
- Subtraction \$x - \$y Difference of \$x and \$y.
* Multiplication \$x * \$y Product of \$x and \$y.
/ Division \$x / \$y Quotient of \$x and \$y
% Modulus \$x % \$y Remainder of \$x divided by \$y.

Example:

``````<?php
\$x=100;
\$y=60;
echo "The sum of x and y is : ". (\$x+\$y) ."<br />";
echo "The difference between x and y is : ". (\$x-\$y) ."<br />";
echo "Multiplication of x and y : ". (\$x*\$y) ."<br />";
echo "Division of x and y : ". (\$x/\$y) ."<br />";
echo "Modulus of x and y : " . (\$x%\$y) ."<br />";
?>
``````

Output:

```The sum of x and y is : 160
The difference between x and y is : 40
Multiplication of x and y : 6000
Division of x and y : 1.6666666666667
Modulus of x and y : 40```

View the example in browser

Note : In the case of division, the operator returns a float value if the two operands are not integers.

Previous: PHP Constants
Next: Comparison Operators

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PHP: How to fix error with xml2-config not found when installing PHP from sources?

All you need to do instal install package libxml2-dev for example:

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```

On CentOS/RHEL:

```sudo yum install libxml2-devel
```

Ref : https://bit.ly/34hOrfG