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PHP Assignment Operators

Description

Assignment operators allow writing a value to a variable. The first operand must be a variable and the basic assignment operator is "=". The value of an assignment expression is the final value assigned to the variable. In addition to the regular assignment operator "=", several other assignment operators are composites of an operator followed by an equal sign.

Interestingly all five arithmetic operators have corresponding assignment operators, Here is the list.

  • +=
  • -=
  • *=
  • /=
  • %=

The following table discussed more details of the said assignment operators.

Shorthand Expression Description
$a+= $b $a = $a + $b Adds 2 numbers and assigns the result to the first.
$a-= $b $a = $a -$b Subtracts 2 numbers and assigns the result to the first.
$a*= $b $a = $a*$b Multiplies 2 numbers and assigns the result to the first.
$a/= $b $a = $a/$b Divides 2 numbers and assigns the result to the first.
$a%= $b $a = $a%$b Computes the modulus of 2 numbers and assigns the result to the first.

Example:

<?php
$x1=100;
$x2=200;
$x3=300;
$x4=400;
$x5=500;
$x1+= 100;
echo " $x1 <br />";
$x2-= 200;
echo " $x2 <br />";
$x3*= 300;
echo " $x3 <br />";
$x4/= 400;
echo " $x4 <br />";
$x5%= 500;
echo " $x5 <br />";
$x=($y=11)+9;
echo " Value of x & y is :  $x  $y <br />";
?>

Output:

200
0
90000
1
0
Value of x & y is : 20 11

View the example in the browser

Previous: Logical Operators
Next: Bitwise Operators



PHP: Tips of the Day

PHP: What is <=> (the 'Spaceship' Operator) in PHP 7?

The <=> ("Spaceship") operator will offer combined comparison in that it will :

Return 0 if values on either side are equal
Return 1 if the value on the left is greater
Return -1 if the value on the right is greater

The rules used by the combined comparison operator are the same as the currently used comparison operators by PHP viz. <, <=, ==, >= and >. Those who are from Perl or Ruby programming background may already be familiar with this new operator proposed for PHP7.

//Comparing Integers

    echo 1 <=> 1; //output  0
    echo 3 <=> 4; //output -1
    echo 4 <=> 3; //output  1

    //String Comparison

    echo "x" <=> "x"; //output  0
    echo "x" <=> "y"; //output -1
    echo "y" <=> "x"; //output  1

Ref : https://bit.ly/2KvHmB1