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Python Math: Clamps number within the inclusive range

Python Math: Exercise-87 with Solution

Write a Python program to cap a number within the inclusive range specified by the given boundary values x and y.

  • If num falls within the range (a, b), return num.
  • Otherwise, return the nearest number in the range.

Sample Solution:

Python Code:

def clamp_number(num, a, b):
  return max(min(num, max(a, b)), min(a, b))
 
print(clamp_number(2, 4, 7))
print(clamp_number(1, -1, -4))
print(clamp_number(22, -10, 10))
print(clamp_number(20, 1, 10))
print(clamp_number(5, 1, 20))
print(clamp_number(1, 10, 20))

Sample Output:

4
-1
10
10
5
10

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Clamps number within the inclusive range.

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Python Code Editor:

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Previous: Write a Python program to calculate the Hamming distance between two given values.
Next: Write a Python program to check whether a given number is a Disarium number or unhappy number.

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Python: Tips of the Day

Getting rid of unwanted characters:

You can get rid of whitespaces or any specific character using strip methods in Python. You can use either plain strip for both sides, lstrip for the left side and rstrip for the right side only.

str="+++Welcome python+++"
str.strip()

print(str)

Output:

+++Welcome python+++