w3resource

JavaScript: HTML Form validation - checking for all letters

Checking for all letters

Sometimes situations arise when a user should fill a single or more than one fields with alphabet characters (A-Z or a-z) in an HTML form. You can write a JavaScript form validation script to check whether the required field(s) in the HTML form contains only letters.

Javascript function to check for all letters in a field

function allLetter(inputtxt)
  {
   var letters = /^[A-Za-z]+$/;
   if(inputtxt.value.match(letters))
     {
      return true;
     }
   else
     {
     alert("message");
     return false;
     }
  }
  
  

To get a string contains only letters (both uppercase or lowercase) we use a regular expression (/^[A-Za-z]+$/) which allows only letters. Next the match() method of string object is used to match the said regular expression against the input value. Here is the complete web document.

Flowchart:

Flowchart: Javascript function to check for all letters in a field

HTML Code

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<title>JavaScript form validation - checking all letters</title>
<link rel='stylesheet' href='form-style.css' type='text/css' />
</head>
<body onload='document.form1.text1.focus()'>
<div class="mail">
<h2>Enter your Name and Submit</h2>
<form name="form1" action="#">
<ul>
<li>Code:</li>
<li><input type='text' name='text1'/></li>
<li class="rq">*Enter alphabets only.</li>
<li>&nbsp;</li>
<li><input type="submit" name="submit" value="Submit" onclick="allLetter(document.form1.text1)" /></li>
<li>&nbsp;</li>
</ul>
</form>
</div>
<script src="all-letter.js"> </script>
</body>
</html>

JavaScript Code

function allLetter(inputtxt)
      { 
      var letters = /^[A-Za-z]+$/;
      if(inputtxt.value.match(letters))
      {
      alert('Your name have accepted : you can try another');
      return true;
      }
      else
      {
      alert('Please input alphabet characters only');
      return false;
      }
      }
	  

CSS Code

li {list-style-type: none;
font-size: 16pt;
}
.mail {
margin: auto;
padding-top: 10px;
padding-bottom: 10px;
width: 400px;
background : #D8F1F8;
border: 1px solid silver;
}
.mail h2 {
margin-left: 38px;
}
input {
font-size: 20pt;
}
input:focus, textarea:focus{
background-color: lightyellow;
}
input submit {
font-size: 12pt;
}
.rq {
color: #FF0000;
font-size: 10pt;
}

View the example in the browser

Practice the example online

See the Pen all-letters-field-1 by w3resource (@w3resource) on CodePen.


file_download Download the validation code from here.

Other JavaScript Validation :

Previous: JavaScript: HTML Form - checking for non empty field
Next: JavaScript: HTML Form validation - checking for all numbers



JavaScript: Tips of the Day

JavaScript: function and arguments

const person = {
  name: 'Lydia Hallie',
  hobbies: ['coding'],
};

function addHobby(hobby, hobbies = person.hobbies) {
  hobbies.push(hobby);
  return hobbies;
}

addHobby('running', []);
addHobby('dancing');
addHobby('baking', person.hobbies);

console.log(person.hobbies);

The addHobby function receives two arguments, hobby and hobbies with the default value of the hobbies array on the person object.
First, we invoke the addHobby function, and pass "running" as the value for hobby and an empty array as the value for hobbies. Since we pass an empty array as the value for y, "running" gets added to this empty array.
Then, we invoke the addHobby function, and pass "dancing" as the value for hobby. We didn't pass a value for hobbies, so it gets the default value, the hobbies property on the person object. We push the hobby dancing to the person.hobbies array.
Last, we invoke the addHobby function, and pass "bdaking" as the value for hobby, and the person.hobbies array as the value for hobbies. We push the hobby baking to the person.hobbies array.
After pushing dancing and baking, the value of person.hobbies is ["coding", "dancing", "baking"]

Ref: https://bit.ly/2Hcpkm6