w3resource

JavaScript: HTML Form - email validation

Email validation

Validating email is a very important point while validating an HTML form. In this page we have discussed how to validate an email using JavaScript :

An email is a string (a subset of ASCII characters) separated into two parts by @ symbol. a "personal_info" and a domain, that is [email protected] The length of the personal_info part may be up to 64 characters long and domain name may be up to 253 characters.

The personal_info part contains the following ASCII characters.

  • Uppercase (A-Z) and lowercase (a-z) English letters.
  • Digits (0-9).
  • Characters ! # $ % & ' * + - / = ? ^ _ ` { | } ~
  • Character . ( period, dot or fullstop) provided that it is not the first or last character and it will not come one after the other.

The domain name [for example com, org, net, in, us, info] part contains letters, digits, hyphens, and dots.

Example of valid email id

Example of invalid email id

  • mysite.ourearth.com [@ is not present]
  • [email protected] [ tld (Top Level domain) can not start with dot "." ]
  • @you.me.net [ No character before @ ]
  • [email protected] [ ".b" is not a valid tld ]
  • [email protected] [ tld can not start with dot "." ]
  • [email protected] [ an email should not be start with "." ]
  • mysite()*@gmail.com [ here the regular expression only allows character, digit, underscore, and dash ]
  • [email protected] [double dots are not allowed]

JavaScript code to validate an email id

function ValidateEmail(mail) 
{
 if (/^[a-zA-Z0-9.!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-][email protected][a-zA-Z0-9-]+(?:\.[a-zA-Z0-9-]+)*$/.test(myForm.emailAddr.value))
  {
    return (true)
  }
    alert("You have entered an invalid email address!")
    return (false)
}

To get a valid email id we use a regular expression /^[a-zA-Z0-9.!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-][email protected][a-zA-Z0-9-]+(?:\.[a-zA-Z0-9-]+)*$/. According to http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3696#page-5 ! # $ % & ‘ * + – / = ? ^ ` . { | } ~ characters are legal in the local part of an e-mail address but in the above regular expression those characters are filtered out. You can modify or rewrite the said regular expression.

Flowchart :

Flowchart : JavaScript - Email validation

Regular Expression Pattern

/^[a-zA-Z0-9.!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-][email protected][a-zA-Z0-9-]+(?:\.[a-zA-Z0-9-]+)*$/

Let apply the above JavaScript function in an HTML form.

HTML Code

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>JavaScript form validation - checking email</title>
<link rel='stylesheet' href='form-style.css' type='text/css' />      
</head>
<body onload='document.form1.text1.focus()'>
<div class="mail">
<h2>Input an email and Submit</h2>
<form name="form1" action="#"> 
<ul>
<li><input type='text' name='text1'/></li>
<li>&nbsp;</li>
<li class="submit"><input type="submit" name="submit" value="Submit" onclick="ValidateEmail(document.form1.text1)"/></li>
<li>&nbsp;</li>
</ul>
</form>
</div>
<script src="email-validation.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

JavaScript Code

function ValidateEmail(inputText)
{
var mailformat = /^[a-zA-Z0-9.!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-][email protected][a-zA-Z0-9-]+(?:\.[a-zA-Z0-9-]+)*$/;
if(inputText.value.match(mailformat))
{
alert("Valid email address!");
document.form1.text1.focus();
return true;
}
else
{
alert("You have entered an invalid email address!");
document.form1.text1.focus();
return false;
}
}

CSS Code

li {list-style-type: none;
font-size: 16pt;
}
.mail {
margin: auto;
padding-top: 10px;
padding-bottom: 10px;
width: 400px;
background : #D8F1F8;
border: 1px soild silver;
}
.mail h2 {
margin-left: 38px;
}
input {
font-size: 20pt;
}
input:focus, textarea:focus{
background-color: lightyellow;
}
input submit {
font-size: 12pt;
}
.rq {
color: #FF0000;
font-size: 10pt;
}

View the Javascript email validation in the browser

RFC 2822 standard email validation

Regular Expression Pattern (Ref: https://bit.ly/33cv2vn):

/(?:[a-z0-9!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-]+(?:\.[a-z0-9!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-]+)*|"(?:[\x01-\x08\x0b\x0c\x0e-\x1f\x21\x23-\x5b\x5d-\x7f]|
\\[\x01-\x09\x0b\x0c\x0e-\x7f])*")@(?:(?:[a-z0-9](?:[a-z0-9-]*[a-z0-9])?\.)+[a-z0-9](?:[a-z0-9-]*[a-z0-9])?|
\[(?:(?:25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)\.){3}(?:25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?|[a-z0-9-]*[a-z0-9]:
(?:[\x01-\x08\x0b\x0c\x0e-\x1f\x21-\x5a\x53-\x7f]|\\[\x01-\x09\x0b\x0c\x0e-\x7f])+)\])/

View the Javascript email validation (RFC 2822) in the browser

You can use the following email addresses to test the said Regular Expression:

Ref: https://bit.ly/35g81dj

List of Valid Email Addresses

List of Strange Valid Email Addresses

file_download Download the validation code from here.

Other JavaScript Validation:

Previous: JavaScript: HTML Form - restricting the length
Next: JavaScript: HTML Form - Date validation



JavaScript: Tips of the Day

JavaScript: semicolon (;)

function nums(a, b) {
  if (a > b) console.log('a is bigger');
  else console.log('b is bigger');
  return;
  a + b;
}

console.log(nums(4, 2));
console.log(nums(1, 2));

In JavaScript, we don't have to write the semicolon (;) explicitly, however the JavaScript engine still adds them after statements. This is called Automatic Semicolon Insertion. A statement can for example be variables, or keywords like throw, return, break, etc.
Here, we wrote a return statement, and another value a + b on a new line. However, since it's a new line, the engine doesn't know that it's actually the value that we wanted to return. Instead, it automatically added a semicolon after return. You could see this as:

return;
a + b;
This means that a + b is never reached, since a function stops running after the return keyword. If no value gets returned, like here, the function returns undefined. Note that there is no automatic insertion after if/else statements!

Ref: https://bit.ly/3jFRBje