w3resource

JavaScript: HTML Form - email validation

Email validation

Validating email is a very important point while validating an HTML form. In this page we have discussed how to validate an email using JavaScript :

An email is a string (a subset of ASCII characters) separated into two parts by @ symbol. a "personal_info" and a domain, that is [email protected] The length of the personal_info part may be up to 64 characters long and domain name may be up to 253 characters.

The personal_info part contains the following ASCII characters.

  • Uppercase (A-Z) and lowercase (a-z) English letters.
  • Digits (0-9).
  • Characters ! # $ % & ' * + - / = ? ^ _ ` { | } ~
  • Character . ( period, dot or fullstop) provided that it is not the first or last character and it will not come one after the other.

The domain name [for example com, org, net, in, us, info] part contains letters, digits, hyphens, and dots.

Example of valid email id

Example of invalid email id

  • mysite.ourearth.com [@ is not present]
  • [email protected] [ tld (Top Level domain) can not start with dot "." ]
  • @you.me.net [ No character before @ ]
  • [email protected] [ ".b" is not a valid tld ]
  • [email protected] [ tld can not start with dot "." ]
  • [email protected] [ an email should not be start with "." ]
  • mysite()*@gmail.com [ here the regular expression only allows character, digit, underscore, and dash ]
  • [email protected] [double dots are not allowed]

JavaScript code to validate an email id

function ValidateEmail(mail) 
{
 if (/^[a-zA-Z0-9.!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-][email protected][a-zA-Z0-9-]+(?:\.[a-zA-Z0-9-]+)*$/.test(myForm.emailAddr.value))
  {
    return (true)
  }
    alert("You have entered an invalid email address!")
    return (false)
}

To get a valid email id we use a regular expression /^[a-zA-Z0-9.!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-][email protected][a-zA-Z0-9-]+(?:\.[a-zA-Z0-9-]+)*$/. According to http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3696#page-5 ! # $ % & ‘ * + – / = ? ^ ` . { | } ~ characters are legal in the local part of an e-mail address but in the above regular expression those characters are filtered out. You can modify or rewrite the said regular expression.

Flowchart :

Flowchart : JavaScript - Email validation

Regular Expression Pattern

/^[a-zA-Z0-9.!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-][email protected][a-zA-Z0-9-]+(?:\.[a-zA-Z0-9-]+)*$/

Let apply the above JavaScript function in an HTML form.

HTML Code

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>JavaScript form validation - checking email</title>
<link rel='stylesheet' href='form-style.css' type='text/css' />      
</head>
<body onload='document.form1.text1.focus()'>
<div class="mail">
<h2>Input an email and Submit</h2>
<form name="form1" action="#"> 
<ul>
<li><input type='text' name='text1'/></li>
<li>&nbsp;</li>
<li class="submit"><input type="submit" name="submit" value="Submit" onclick="ValidateEmail(document.form1.text1)"/></li>
<li>&nbsp;</li>
</ul>
</form>
</div>
<script src="email-validation.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

JavaScript Code

function ValidateEmail(inputText)
{
var mailformat = /^[a-zA-Z0-9.!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-][email protected][a-zA-Z0-9-]+(?:\.[a-zA-Z0-9-]+)*$/;
if(inputText.value.match(mailformat))
{
alert("Valid email address!");
document.form1.text1.focus();
return true;
}
else
{
alert("You have entered an invalid email address!");
document.form1.text1.focus();
return false;
}
}

CSS Code

li {list-style-type: none;
font-size: 16pt;
}
.mail {
margin: auto;
padding-top: 10px;
padding-bottom: 10px;
width: 400px;
background : #D8F1F8;
border: 1px soild silver;
}
.mail h2 {
margin-left: 38px;
}
input {
font-size: 20pt;
}
input:focus, textarea:focus{
background-color: lightyellow;
}
input submit {
font-size: 12pt;
}
.rq {
color: #FF0000;
font-size: 10pt;
}

View the Javascript email validation in the browser

RFC 2822 standard email validation

Regular Expression Pattern (Ref: https://bit.ly/33cv2vn):

/(?:[a-z0-9!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-]+(?:\.[a-z0-9!#$%&'*+/=?^_`{|}~-]+)*|"(?:[\x01-\x08\x0b\x0c\x0e-\x1f\x21\x23-\x5b\x5d-\x7f]|
\\[\x01-\x09\x0b\x0c\x0e-\x7f])*")@(?:(?:[a-z0-9](?:[a-z0-9-]*[a-z0-9])?\.)+[a-z0-9](?:[a-z0-9-]*[a-z0-9])?|
\[(?:(?:25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)\.){3}(?:25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?|[a-z0-9-]*[a-z0-9]:
(?:[\x01-\x08\x0b\x0c\x0e-\x1f\x21-\x5a\x53-\x7f]|\\[\x01-\x09\x0b\x0c\x0e-\x7f])+)\])/

View the Javascript email validation (RFC 2822) in the browser

You can use the following email addresses to test the said Regular Expression:

Ref: https://bit.ly/35g81dj

List of Valid Email Addresses

List of Strange Valid Email Addresses

file_download Download the validation code from here.

Other JavaScript Validation:

Previous: JavaScript: HTML Form - restricting the length
Next: JavaScript: HTML Form - Date validation



JavaScript: Tips of the Day

JavaScript: Get the Last Items in an Array

If you want to take the elements from the end of the array, you can use the slice method with negative integers.

let array = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7] 
console.log(array.slice(-1));
>>>[7]
console.log(array.slice(-2));
>>>[6, 7]
console.log(array.slice(-3));
>>>[5, 6, 7]

Ref: https://bit.ly/33Fa3Cg