MySQL STDDEV() function

STDDEV() function

MySQL STDDEV() function returns the population standard deviation of expression.

The STDDEV() function is used to calculate statistical information for a specified numeric field in a query. It returns NULL if no matching rows found.

This function is useful in -

  • It's used when you have a sample of data and want to estimate the variability in the entire population.
  • STDDEV() quantifies the spread or dispersion of values around the mean (average) in a sample.
  • When analyzing sample data, STDDEV() helps you assess the distribution of values and identify potential outliers or anomalies within the sample.
  • When comparing different samples or groups, STDDEV() is used to assess the significance of differences between the groups.
  • In some quality control processes, sample standard deviation helps assess the variability in products or processes.
  • Sample standard deviation is used to calculate confidence intervals for population parameters based on sample data.



Where expr is an expression.

MySQL Version: 8.0

Example: MySQL STDDEV() function

The following MySQL statement returns the standard deviation of 'total_cost' from purchase table.

Sample table: purchase


SELECT STDDEV(total_cost)             
FROM purchase;


mysql> SELECT STDDEV(total_cost)             
    -> FROM purchase;
| STDDEV(total_cost) |
|         315.392172 | 
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

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