MySQL SUBTIME() function

SUBTIME() function

MySQL SUBTIME() subtracts one datetime value from another.



Name Description
expr1 A datetime.
expr1 A datetime.

Syntax Diagram:

MySQL SUBTIME() Function - Syntax Diagram

MySQL Version: 5.6

Video Presentation:

Pictorial Presentation:

Pictorial Presentation of MySQL SUBTIME() function

Example: MySQL SUBTIME() function

The following statement will return a datetime value between two datetimes 2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999 and 19 3:31:18.000002 specified in the arguments.


 SELECT SUBTIME('2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999','19 3:31:18.000002');


Sample Output:

 mysql> SELECT SUBTIME('2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999','19 3:31:18.000002');
| SUBTIME('2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999','19 3:31:18.000002') |
| 2009-04-29 06:58:25.999997                                | 
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

PHP script:

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<title>example-SUBTIME-function - php mysql examples | w3resource</title>
<meta name="description" content="example-SUBTIME-function - php mysql examples | w3resource">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.5/css/bootstrap.min.css">
<div class="container">
<div class="row">
<div class="col-md-12">
<h2>Calculate time value between 2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999 and 19 3:31:18.000002:</h2>
<table class='table table-bordered'>
<th>Calculated output</th>
$db = "your_dbname";
$dbh = new PDO("mysql:host=$hostname;dbname=$db", $username, $password);
foreach($dbh->query('SELECT SUBTIME("2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999","19 3:31:18.000002")') as $row) {
echo "<tr>";
echo "<td>" . $row['SUBTIME("2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999","19 3:31:18.000002")'] . "</td>";
echo "</tr>";

View the example in browser

JSP script:

<%@page contentType="text/html" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@ page import="java.sql.*" %>
<%@ page import="java.io.*" %>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
try {
String Host = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/w3resour_bookinfo";
Connection connection = null;
Statement statement = null;
ResultSet rs = null;
connection = DriverManager.getConnection(Host, "root", "datasoft123");
statement = connection.createStatement();
String Data ="SELECT SUBTIME('2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999','19 3:31:18.000002')";
rs = statement.executeQuery(Data);
<TABLE border="1">
<tr width="10" bgcolor="#9979">
<td>Calculated output</td>
while (rs.next()) {
<TD><%=rs.getString("SUBTIME('2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999','19 3:31:18.000002')")%></TD>
<%   }    %>
} catch (Exception ex) {
out.println("Can’t connect to database.");

All Date and Time Functions:

Click here to see the MySQL Date and time functions.

Previous: SUBDATE()

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