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MySQL SUBTIME() function

SUBTIME() function

MySQL SUBTIME() subtracts one datetime value from another.

Syntax:
SUBTIME(expr1,expr2)

Arguments

Name Description
expr1 A datetime.
expr1 A datetime.

Syntax Diagram:

MySQL SUBTIME() Function - Syntax Diagram

MySQL Version: 5.6


Video Presentation

Pictorial Presentation

Pictorial Presentation of MySQL SUBTIME() function

Example: MySQL SUBTIME() function

The following statement will return a datetime value between two datetimes 2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999 and 19 3:31:18.000002 specified in the arguments.

Code:

 SELECT SUBTIME('2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999','19 3:31:18.000002');

 

Sample Output:

 mysql> SELECT SUBTIME('2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999','19 3:31:18.000002');
+-----------------------------------------------------------+
| SUBTIME('2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999','19 3:31:18.000002') |
+-----------------------------------------------------------+
| 2009-04-29 06:58:25.999997                                | 
+-----------------------------------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
 

PHP script

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
<title>example-SUBTIME-function - php mysql examples | w3resource</title>
<meta name="description" content="example-SUBTIME-function - php mysql examples | w3resource">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.5/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
<div class="row">
<div class="col-md-12">
<h2>Calculate time value between 2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999 and 19 3:31:18.000002:</h2>
<table class='table table-bordered'>
<tr>
<th>Calculated output</th>
</tr>
<?php
$hostname="your_hostname";
$username="your_username";
$password="your_password"; 
$db = "your_dbname";
$dbh = new PDO("mysql:host=$hostname;dbname=$db", $username, $password);
foreach($dbh->query('SELECT SUBTIME("2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999","19 3:31:18.000002")') as $row) {
echo "<tr>";
echo "<td>" . $row['SUBTIME("2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999","19 3:31:18.000002")'] . "</td>";
echo "</tr>";
}
?>
</tbody></table>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

View the example in browser

JSP script

<%@page contentType="text/html" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@ page import="java.sql.*" %>
<%@ page import="java.io.*" %>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<title>exaexample-subtime-function</title>
</head>
<body>
<%
try {
Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver").newInstance();
String Host = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/w3resour_bookinfo";
Connection connection = null;
Statement statement = null;
ResultSet rs = null;
connection = DriverManager.getConnection(Host, "root", "datasoft123");
statement = connection.createStatement();
String Data ="SELECT SUBTIME('2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999','19 3:31:18.000002')";
rs = statement.executeQuery(Data);
%>
<TABLE border="1">
<tr width="10" bgcolor="#9979">
<td>Calculated output</td>
</tr>
<%
while (rs.next()) {
%>
<TR>
<TD><%=rs.getString("SUBTIME('2009-05-18 10:29:43.999999','19 3:31:18.000002')")%></TD>
</TR>
<%   }    %>
</table>
<%
rs.close();
statement.close();
connection.close();
} catch (Exception ex) {
out.println("Can’t connect to database.");
}
%>
</body>
</html>

All Date and Time Functions :

Click here to see the MySQL Date and time functions.

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