w3resource

MySQL TIME_FORMAT() function

TIME_FORMAT() function

MySQL TIME_FORMAT() converts a time in a formatted string using the format specifiers.

The format specifiers used in DATE_FORMAT() may also use with this function but other specifiers than hours,minutes, seconds and microseconds produce a NULL value or 0.

Syntax:

TIME_FORMAT(time,format);

Arguments:

Name Description
time A time value.
format Format specifiers.

Syntax Diagram:

MySQL TIME_FORMAT() Function - Syntax Diagram

MySQL Version: 5.6


Video Presentation

Pictorial Presentation

Pictorial Presentation of MySQL TIME_FORMAT() function

Example:

The following statement will convert a given time string 97:15:40 into %H %k %h %I %l format.

Code:

SELECT TIME_FORMAT('97:15:40','%H %k %h %I %l');

Sample Output:

mysql> SELECT TIME_FORMAT('97:15:40','%H %k %h %I %l');
+------------------------------------------+
| TIME_FORMAT('97:15:40','%H %k %h %I %l') |
+------------------------------------------+
| 97 97 01 01 1                            | 
+------------------------------------------+
1 row in set (0.01 sec)

PHP script

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
<title>example-TIME_FORMAT-function - php mysql examples | w3resource</title>
<meta name="description" content="example-TIME_FORMAT-function - php mysql examples | w3resource">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.5/css/bootstrap.min.css">
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
<div class="row">
<div class="col-md-12">
<h2>Time string in a specific format:</h2>
<table class='table table-bordered'>
<tr>
<th>Output time</th>
</tr>
<?php
$hostname="your_hostname";
$username="your_username";$password="your_password"; 
$db = "your_dbname";
$dbh = new PDO("mysql:host=$hostname;dbname=$db", $username, $password);
foreach($dbh->query('SELECT TIME_FORMAT("97:15:40","%H %k %h %I %l")') as $row) {
echo "<tr>";  
echo "<td>" . $row['TIME_FORMAT("97:15:40","%H %k %h %I %l")'] . "</td>";
echo "</tr>";  
}
?>
</tbody></table>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

View the example in browser

JSP script

<%@page contentType="text/html" pageEncoding="UTF-8"%>
<%@ page import="java.sql.*" %>
<%@ page import="java.io.*" %>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<title>example-time_format-function</title>
</head>
<body>
<%
try {
Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver").newInstance();
String Host = "jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/w3resour_bookinfo";
Connection connection = null;
Statement statement = null;
ResultSet rs = null;
connection = DriverManager.getConnection(Host, "root", "datasoft123");
statement = connection.createStatement();
String Data ="SELECT TIME_FORMAT('97:15:40','%H %k %h %I %l')";
rs = statement.executeQuery(Data);
%>
<TABLE border="1">
<tr width="10" bgcolor="#9979">
<td>Output time</td>
</tr>
<%
while (rs.next()) {
%>
<TR>
<TD><%=rs.getString("TIME_FORMAT('97:15:40','%H %k %h %I %l')")%></TD>
</TR>
<%   }    %>
</table>
<%
rs.close();
statement.close();
connection.close();
} catch (Exception ex) {
out.println("Can’t connect to database.");
}
%>
</body>
</html>

All Date and Time Functions:

Click here to see the MySQL Date and time functions.

Previous: SYSDATE()
Next: TIME_TO_SEC()