w3resource

PHP : metaphone() function

Description

The metaphone() function is used to calculate the metaphone key of a string.

Metaphone is a phonetic algorithm developed by Lawrence Philips. The algorithm produces variable length keys as its output, as opposed to Soundex's fixed-length keys. Similar sounding words share the same keys. It uses a larger set of rules for English pronunciation. Metaphone keys are very useful for text search and text matching applications.

Version:

(PHP 4 and above)

Syntax:

metaphone(input_string, key_length)

Parameter:

Name Description Required /
Optional
Type
input_string The input string. Required String
key_length Maximum length of the metaphone key. Optional Integer

Return value:

Returns the metaphone key as a string, FALSE in failure.

Value Type: String.

Pictorial Presentation

php-string-metaphone()

Example:

<?php
$str = "w3resource";
echo $str;
echo "<br />";
$str1 = "dual";
$str2 = "dwell";
echo metaphone($str1);
echo "<br />";
echo metaphone($str2);
?>

Output:

w3resource
TL
TWL

View the example in the browser

See also

PHP Function Reference

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PHP: Tips of the Day

PHP - How do I implement a callback in PHP?

The manual uses the terms "callback" and "callable" interchangeably, however, "callback" traditionally refers to a string or array value that acts like a function pointer, referencing a function or class method for future invocation. This has allowed some elements of functional programming since PHP 4. The flavors are:

$cb1 = 'someGlobalFunction';
$cb2 = ['ClassName', 'someStaticMethod'];
$cb3 = [$object, 'somePublicMethod'];

// this syntax is callable since PHP 5.2.3 but a string containing it
// cannot be called directly
$cb2 = 'ClassName::someStaticMethod';
$cb2(); // fatal error

// legacy syntax for PHP 4
$cb3 = array(&$object, 'somePublicMethod');

This is a safe way to use callable values in general:

if (is_callable($cb2)) {
    // Autoloading will be invoked to load the class "ClassName" if it's not
    // yet defined, and PHP will check that the class has a method
    // "someStaticMethod". Note that is_callable() will NOT verify that the
    // method can safely be executed in static context.

    $returnValue = call_user_func($cb2, $arg1, $arg2);
}

Modern PHP versions allow the first three formats above to be invoked directly as $cb(). call_user_func and call_user_func_array support all the above.

Notes/Caveats:

  1. If the function/class is namespaced, the string must contain the fully-qualified name. E.g. ['Vendor\Package\Foo', 'method']
  2. call_user_func does not support passing non-objects by reference, so you can either use call_user_func_array or, in later PHP versions, save the callback to a var and use the direct syntax: $cb();
  3. Objects with an __invoke() method (including anonymous functions) fall under the category "callable" and can be used the same way, but I personally don't associate these with the legacy "callback" term.
  4. The legacy create_function() creates a global function and returns its name. It's a wrapper for eval() and anonymous functions should be used instead.

Ref : https://bit.ly/2Zmqil0