w3resource

PHP: str_word_count() function

Description

The str_word_count() function is used to count the number of words in a string.

Version:

(PHP 4 and above)

Syntax:

str_word_count(string_name, nformat, add_chars)

Parameter:

Name Description Required /
Optional
Type
string_name The input string. Required String
nformat Specifies the return value of the str_word_count() function.
Supported values :
0 - returns the number of words found.
1 - returns an array contains all the words found within the specified string.
2 - returns an associative array, where the key is the numeric position of the word inside the string and the value is the actual word itself.
Optional Integer
add_chars A list of additional characters which will be considered as 'word'. Optional String

Return value:

An array or an integer, depending on the format chosen.

Value Type: Mixed.

*Mixed: Mixed indicates that a parameter may accept multiple (but not necessarily all) types.

Pictorial Presentation

php-string-str_word_count()

Example:

<?php
$string_name='Welcome to w3resource.com';
print_r(str_word_count($string_name,0));
echo '<br>';
print_r(str_word_count($string_name,1));
echo '<br>';
print_r(str_word_count($string_name,2));
?>

Output :

5
Array ( [0] => Welcome [1] => to [2] => w [3] => resource [4] => com )
Array ( [0] => Welcome [8] => to [11] => w [13] => resource [22] => com )

View the example in the browser

See also

PHP Function Reference

Previous: str_split
Next: strcasecmp



PHP: Tips of the Day

Members of objects or classes can be accessed using the object operator (->) and the class operator (::).

Example:

class MyClass {
 public $a = 1;
 public static $b = 2;
 const C = 3;
 public function d() { return 4; }
 public static function e() { return 5; }
}
$object = new MyClass();
var_dump($object->a); // int(1)
var_dump($object::$b); // int(2)
var_dump($object::C); // int(3)
var_dump(MyClass::$b); // int(2)
var_dump(MyClass::C); // int(3)
var_dump($object->d()); // int(4)
var_dump($object::d()); // int(4)
var_dump(MyClass::e()); // int(5)
$classname = "MyClass"; 
var_dump($classname::e()); // also works! int(5)

Note that after the object operator, the $ should not be written ($object->a instead of $object->$a). For the class operator, this is not the case and the $ is necessary. For a constant defined in the class, the $ is never used.

Also note that var_dump(MyClass::d()); is only allowed if the function d() does not reference the object:

class MyClass {
 private $a = 1;
 public function d() {
 return $this->a;
 }
}
$object = new MyClass();
var_dump(MyClass::d()); // Error!

This causes a 'PHP Fatal error: Uncaught Error: Using $this when not in object context'

These operators have left associativity, which can be used for 'chaining':

class MyClass {
 private $a = 1;

 public function add(int $a) {
 $this->a += $a;
 return $this;
 }

 public function get() {
 return $this->a;
 }
}
$object = new MyClass();
var_dump($object->add(4)->get()); // int(5)

These operators have the highest precedence (they are not even mentioned in the manual), even higher that clone. Thus:

class MyClass {
 private $a = 0;
 public function add(int $a) {
 $this->a += $a;
 return $this;
 }
 public function get() {
 return $this->a;
 }
}
$o1 = new MyClass();
$o2 = clone $o1->add(2);
var_dump($o1->get()); // int(2)
var_dump($o2->get()); // int(2)

The value of $o1 is added to before the object is cloned!

Note that using parentheses to influence precedence did not work in PHP version 5 and older (it does in PHP 7):

// using the class MyClass from the previous code
$o1 = new MyClass();
$o2 = (clone $o1)->add(2); // Error in PHP 5 and before, fine in PHP 7
var_dump($o1->get()); // int(0) in PHP 7
var_dump($o2->get()); // int(2) in PHP 7