w3resource

PHP: str_repeat() function

Description

The str_repeat() function is used to repeat a string, a specified number of times.

Version:

(PHP 4 and above)

Syntax:

str_repeat(string_name, repeat_no) 

Parameters:

Name Description Required /
Optional
Type
string_name The string to be repeated. Required String
repeat_no Number of times the input string should be repeated. Required Integer

Return value:

The repeated string

Value Type: String

Pictorial Presentation

php-string-str_repeat()

Example:

<?php
echo str_repeat("-",20);
echo('<br>');
echo str_repeat("==",20);
echo('<br>');
echo str_repeat("=*=",15);
?> 

Output :

--------------------
========================================
=*==*==*==*==*==*==*==*==*==*==*==*==*==*==*=

View the example function in the browser

See also

PHP Function Reference

Previous: sscanf
Next: str_shuffle



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PHP: Tips of the Day

Preferred method to store PHP arrays (json_encode vs serialize)

Depends on your priorities.

If performance is your absolute driving characteristic, then by all means use the fastest one. Just make sure you have a full understanding of the differences before you make a choice

  • Unlike serialize() you need to add extra parameter to keep UTF-8 characters untouched: json_encode($array, JSON_UNESCAPED_UNICODE) (otherwise it converts UTF-8 characters to Unicode escape sequences).
  • JSON will have no memory of what the object's original class was (they are always restored as instances of stdClass).
  • You can't leverage __sleep() and __wakeup() with JSON
  • By default, only public properties are serialized with JSON. (in PHP>=5.4 you can implement JsonSerializable to change this behavior).
  • JSON is more portable

And there's probably a few other differences I can't think of at the moment.

A simple speed test to compare the two

<?php

ini_set('display_errors', 1);
error_reporting(E_ALL);

// Make a big, honkin test array
// You may need to adjust this depth to avoid memory limit errors
$testArray = fillArray(0, 5);

// Time json encoding
$start = microtime(true);
json_encode($testArray);
$jsonTime = microtime(true) - $start;
echo "JSON encoded in $jsonTime seconds\n";

// Time serialization
$start = microtime(true);
serialize($testArray);
$serializeTime = microtime(true) - $start;
echo "PHP serialized in $serializeTime seconds\n";

// Compare them
if ($jsonTime < $serializeTime) {
    printf("json_encode() was roughly %01.2f%% faster than serialize()\n", ($serializeTime / $jsonTime - 1) * 100);
}
else if ($serializeTime < $jsonTime ) {
    printf("serialize() was roughly %01.2f%% faster than json_encode()\n", ($jsonTime / $serializeTime - 1) * 100);
} else {
    echo "Impossible!\n";
}

function fillArray( $depth, $max ) {
    static $seed;
    if (is_null($seed)) {
        $seed = array('a', 2, 'c', 4, 'e', 6, 'g', 8, 'i', 10);
    }
    if ($depth < $max) {
        $node = array();
        foreach ($seed as $key) {
            $node[$key] = fillArray($depth + 1, $max);
        }
        return $node;
    }
    return 'empty';
}

Ref : https://bit.ly/3jqrgFL